The Biograph Company, also known as the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, was a motion picture company founded in 1895 and active until 1916. It was the first company in the United States devoted entirely to film production and exhibition, and for two decades was one of the most prolific, releasing over 3000 short films and 12 feature films. During the height of silent film as a medium, Biograph was America’s most prominent film studio and one of the most respected and influential studios worldwide, only rivaled by Germany‘s UFA, Sweden‘s Svensk Filmindustri and France‘s Pathé. The company was home to pioneering director D. W. Griffith and such actors as Mary Pickford, Lillian Gish and Lionel Barrymore. Wikipedia
It was “free” night at the Museum of Modern Art. There were quite a few interesting exhibits. Our favorite was in the basement and had very little attendance. There were some wonderful vintage photos of one of the earliest film studios as well as restored versions of their films from 1911 and earlier. Unfortunately, there was almost no information about Biograph Studios in the exhibit which really surprised us. You can find out a little more in the article linked to the left.
Filming the Brooklyn Bridge with a large format 68mm camera. c. 1897-1899
Sample Biograph films
Trial by Marriages c1907 ©American Mutoscope & Biograph Co.
The New York Hat (1912) – MARY PICKFORD, LIONEL BARRYMORE, LILLIAN GISH – D.W. Griffith
The Lonely Villa (1909) – Oldest Surviving Film Appearance of MARY PICKFORD – D. W. Griffith